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Moving Average Convergence / Divergence (MACD)

This benchmark shows a real-time overview of the technical analysis for the selected timeframe. Summary Gold Spot/USD is based on the most popular technical indicators such as moving averages, oscillators and pivots. We use the above mentioned instruments at to produce Technical Analysis with a high success rate.


Today we are describing or explaining the Oscillator - MOVING AVERAGE CONVERGENCE / DIVERGENCE (MACD)


The MACD, a widely embraced indicator in technical analysis, plays a crucial role in evaluating various facets of a security's overall trend. Primarily, it focuses on momentum, trend direction, and duration. What sets the MACD apart is its unique composition, which combines two distinct types of indicators. Initially, it employs two Moving Averages with varying durations (lagging indicators) to ascertain trend direction and duration. Then, it calculates the disparity between the values of these two Moving Averages (referred to as the MACD Line) and an Exponential Moving Average (EMA) of those Moving Averages (known as the Signal Line). This difference is represented as a histogram that fluctuates above and below a central Zero Line, providing valuable insights into a security's momentum.

To gain a comprehensive understanding of the MACD indicator, let's dissect its primary components:

  1. The MACD Line: This is the outcome of subtracting a longer-term EMA from a shorter-term EMA. While the most commonly used values are 26 days for the longer-term EMA and 12 days for the shorter-term EMA, traders have flexibility in selecting these values to suit their preferences.
  2. The Signal Line: The Signal Line is an EMA of the MACD Line, as described in Component 1. Typically, traders opt for a 9-period length EMA for the Signal Line, which is the most prevalent choice.
  3. The MACD Histogram: Over time, the disparity between the MACD Line and the Signal Line continuously evolves. The MACD histogram represents this difference in an easily interpretable histogram format. This disparity between the two lines oscillates around the Zero Line.

In general, the MACD can be interpreted as follows: When the MACD is positive and the histogram value is increasing, it signifies an escalation in upside momentum. Conversely, when the MACD is negative and the histogram value is decreasing, it suggests a strengthening downside momentum.